"Academic integrity is expected and required of all Conestoga students" (Conestoga College, 2012, p. 1). 

An academic offence can occur when a student knowingly or unknowingly submits work that has been plagiarised.  It is, therefore, important to know what plagiarism is.

Plagiarism is using another person's work (including ideas, words, and illustrations) as your own without giving credit.

Obvious forms of plagiarism

  • Buying a paper
  • Turning in someone else's work and pretending it is your work

Less obvious forms of plagiarism

  • Copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit
  • Not putting quotation marks around exact words from a source
  • Giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation

How to Avoid Plagiarism When Writing

1.    Keep track of your sources

  • Use the Writing Service handout – Tracking Sources – to figure out what information you need.

2.    Cite sources correctly in your paper

  • There are different ways to cite a quotation or paraphrase depending on the style (APA @ Conestoga or IEEE) used in your program.

APA

  • Direct Quotation
"The nicotine in the chewing gum is released at variable rates depending on the 
intensity and duration of chewing" (Robson, 2010, p. 300).
  • Paraphrase
According to Robson (2010), the force and length of the gum chewing determines how 
much of the nicotine is released (p. 300).

IEEE

  • Direct Quotation
'The nicotine in the chewing gum is released at variable rates depending on the 
intensity and duration of chewing' [1].
  • Paraphrase
The force and length of the gum chewing determines how much of the nicotine is 
released [1].


3.    Include a reference page at the end of your paper

  • A reference list is at the end of your paper and gives the details of all the sources you have used throughout your paper.
  • The page must be labeled References.
  • All entries in the paper must be found in the reference list and vice versa.
  • The style used in your program will determine the format of the list.
  • Use the Writing Service resources to guide you in formatting different types of sources.

APA

  • The author's name in the paper corresponds to the author's name in the reference list.
  • Order entries alphabetically and use double-spacing.
  • Use default hanging indent.

Example:

Robson, N. (2010). Nicotine-Replacement Therapy: A Proven Treatment for Smoking 
          Cessation. South African Family Practice, 52(4), 298-303. Retrieved 
          July 28, 2015, from CogPrints database.

IEEE

  • Use the citation numbers in the paper for the reference entries.
  • Order entries by number.
  • Format the hanging indent so that the subsequent lines align with the start of the author's name.

Example:

[1] N. Robson. (2010). Nicotine-replacement therapy: A proven treatment for smoking 
          cessation. South African Family Practice. [Online]. 52(4), pp. 298-303. 
          Available: http://www.safpj.co.za/index.php/safpj. [Accessed: June 28, 2013].


4.   For more information on documenting sources and academic integrity,

  • Ask your instructor/professor.
  • Come to the Writing Service in the Learning Commons (2A103 Doon).
  • Check out the APA @ Conestoga website.
  • Read Conestoga's policies and procedures on academic integrity.

 References

Conestoga College. (2012). Academic Integrity Policy. Retrieved July 30, 
          2015, from http://www.conestogac.on.ca/policies/academics.jsp